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Throughout this course you might hear some acronyms.  The list below is the common ons.  Please review prior to proceeding.


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ACCP: American College of Chest Physicians

ACE: angiotensin converting enzyme

ACT: asthma control test

AECOPD: acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

ALA: American Lung Association

ANOVA: analysis of variance

APN: advanced practice nurse

ARDS: acute respiratory distress syndrome

ARF: acute respiratory failure

ATS: American Thoracic Society

AVM: arterial-venous malformation

BD: bronchodilator

bid: twice a day

BiPAP: bilevel positive airway pressure

BMI: body mass index

BNP: brain natriuretic protein

BP: blood pressure bpm: beats per minute

BTPS: body temperature pressure saturated

CaO2: arterial oxygen content

CBC: complete blood count

CC: cubic centimeters

cm: centimeters

cmH20: centimeters of water

CF: cystic fibrosis

CHD: coronary heart disease

CHF: congestive heart failure

chg: change

CNS: clinical nurse specialist

CO: carbon monoxide

CO2: carbon dioxide

COPD: chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

CT hr/d: hours per day

CT: computer tomography

DLCO: diffusion capacity (in liters) of carbon monoxide

DM: diabetes mellitus

DOE: dyspnea on exertion

DPI: dry powder inhaler

DVT: deep venous thrombosis

Dz: disease

ED: emergency department

E&M: evaluation and management

ENT: ear, nose, and throat

ERS: European Respiratory Society

ERV: expiratory reserve volume

Eval: evaluation

Ext: extremities

f/u: follow-up

FDA: food and drug administration

FEF: forced expiratory flow

FEV1 : forced expiratory volume in one second

FIF: forced inspiratory flow

FIO2: fraction of inspired oxygen

FIVC: forced inspiratory vital capacity

Flu: influenza

FRC: functional residual capacity

FTND: Fagerstrom Test for Nicotine Dependence

FVC : forced vital capacity

FYI: for your information

GERD: gastroesophageal reflux disease

GI: gastrointestinal

GINA:  Global Initiative for Asthma

GOLD: global initiative for chronic obstructive lung disease

Hgb (Hb): hemoglobin

Hct: hematocrit

HIV: human immunodeficiency virus

HP: hypersensitivity pneumonitis

HFA: hydrofluoroalkane

HR: hazard ratio

hr/d: hours day

hrs: hours

HRCT: high resolution chest

HRQOL: Health-related Quality of Life

HPI: history of present illenss

HTN: hypertension

I:E: inspiratory to expiratory ratio

IC: inspiratory capacity

ICS: inhaled corticosteroids

ICS/LABA: inhaled corticosteroid/long-acting beta agonist

ILD: interstitial lung disease

In: inches

IPF: idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis

IRV: inspiratory reserve volume

JVD: jugular venous distention

Kg: kilogram

L: liters

L/min: liters per minute

LABA: long-acting beta-agonist

LAMA: long-acting muscarinic antagonist

lb: pound

LE: lower extremities

LFQ: Lung Function Questionnaire

LT: lung transplantation

LTOT: long-term oxygen therapy

LVR: lung volume reduction

LVRS: lung volume reduction surgery


M: meters

MC: Medicare

mcg: microgram

µg: microgram

MDI: metered dose inhaler

Meas: measured

Meds: medicines/medications

MI: myocardial infarction

Min: minute

mL: milliliters

mm: millimeters

mmHg: millimeters of mercury

mos: months

MRC or MMRC: modified medical research council dyspnea scale

MRI: magnetic resonance imaging

MVV: maximum voluntary ventilation

N: number

NNT: number needed to treat

NP: nurse practitioner

NPP: Non-physician provider

NPPV: noninvasive positive pressure ventilation

NHLBI: National Heart Lung and Blood Institute

NRT: nicotine replacement therapy

NSIP: nonspecific interstitial pneumonitis

NWS: Nicotine Withdrawal Scale

O2: oxygen

OSA: obstructive sleep apnea

OTC: over-the-counter

P: pulse

P2: pulmonic valve; second heart sound

PA: physician assistant

PaCO2: Partial pressure of arterial carbon dioxide

PaO2: Partial pressure of arterial oxygen

PDE4 inhibitor: phosphodiesterase4 inhibitor

PE: pulmonary embolus

PEF: peak expiratory flow

PEFR: peak expiratory flow rate

PFTs: pulmonary function tests

PH: pulmonary hypertension

PMH: past medical history

Pre-BD: pre-bronchodilator

Pred: predicted

Pre-Rx: pre-bronchodilator treatment

prn: as needed

po: by mouth

Post-BD: post-bronchodilator

Post-Rx: post-bronchodilator treatment

ppd: packs per day

PS: population screener (COPD Population Screener)

PsO2: pulse oximetry saturation of oxygen

Psych: psychiatry/psychiatric

Pt: patient

PUD: peptic ulcer disease

Rx: prescription

Q: perfusion

QOL: Quality of Life

RA: room air

Ref: reference

Rehab: rehabilitation

RHC: right heart catheterization

RR: respiratory rate

RR: relative risk

RV: residual volume

6MWT: six minute walk test

SABA: short-acting beta agonist

SAL: salmeterol

SAMA: short-acting muscarinic antagonist

SaO2: saturation of arterial oxygen (the fraction of hemoglobin sites bound by oxygen)

Sec: seconds

SFC: Salmeterol/Fluticasone combination agent

Sxs: symptoms

T: temperature

TB: tuberculosis

TC: technical code

TLC: total lung capacity

TORCH: Towards a Revolution in COPD Health

TV: tidal volume

Tx: therapy

Txs: treatments

UE: upper extremities

UIP: usual interstitial pneumonitis

UPLIFT: Understanding the Potential Long-term Impacts on Function with Tiotropium

URI: upper respiratory infection

US: United States

USA: United States of America

V: ventilation

VC: vital capacity

VT: tidal volume

WBC: white blood cell

WHO: World Health Organization

wks: weeks

y/o: year old

yr: year

yrs: years